A cystoscopy is a urological procedure that is done to look at the lining of the bladder using a small camera (cystoscope).

During the procedure, the cystoscope is inserted up the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body), and then up to the bladder. Once the camera has reached the bladder a doctor or nurse can look at the bladder.

There are two different types of cystoscopes that can be used for this procedure:

  • Flexible – this is inserted while the patient is still awake, it is bendy and is no wider than a pencil
  • Rigid – this type of cystoscope does not bend and is slightly wider compared to the other. During this procedure, patients will either be under general anesthetic or the lower part of their body numbed

Why might you need a cystoscopy?

A cystoscopy is done to look at or treat abnormalities that occur within the urethra or bladder. Some of the most common reasons include:

  • Investigate frequent UTI (urinary tract infections), blood in the urine (haematuria), and pelvic pain or problems passing urine
  • A Biopsy, a small sample of tissue, can be taken to check for cancer cells
  • This can also be used to treat certain conditions, such as removing bladder stones.

A cystoscopy is a relatively pain-free procedure. You may experience slight discomfort after; however, this should go after a few hours.

Before you go ahead with any procedure your doctor will explain the process in detail and ensure you know all of the risks associated with the procedure. Never hesitate to ask your doctor or a nurse a question if you are unsure about anything.

If you would like to speak to Mr Ken Anson about possible treatment or investigation please contact our team.

This article is intended to inform and give insight but not treat, diagnose or replace the advice of a doctor. Always seek medical advice with any questions regarding a medical condition.