A ureterorenoscopy is a medical procedure that is performed to break up and remove kidney stones. A small, pencil-thin telescope, called a ureterorenoscopy, is used to find kidney stones.
A kidney stone is a hard build-up of minerals that forms in the kidneys.
There are five main types of kidney stones:
- Calcium oxalate stones: form when too much oxalate or calcium is in the urine.
- Calcium phosphate stones: These occur depending on the urinary pH level
- Struvite stones: often occur following recurrent UTI’s.
- Uric acid stones: formed in acid urine and often when there is too much uric acid in the urine
- Cystine stones: these are the rarest type and are associated with a condition called cystinuria.
These stones can then travel down the urinary system (ureter) into the bladder and then out of the body. When stones become too big, they can become stuck and cause severe pain.
When this happens, a ureterorenoscopy may be required. As mentioned before, the stone is broken up using a small surgical device. This device will be placed in either the kidneys or the ureter. Once the stones have been located, a laser beam I used to break them up. These smaller pieces will then be removed or left in to be naturally passed. A ureterorenoscopy is done under a general anesthetic, meaning that the patient will not be awake during the procedure.
Knowing that you need to have surgery can make some people very nervous. Before you go ahead with a ureterorenoscopy your consultant will make sure that you have a full understanding of what it is and what the recovery is like. If you have any questions about what a ureterorenoscopy is, do not be afraid to ask!
This article is intended to inform and give insight but not treat, diagnose or replace the advice of a doctor. Always seek medical advice with any questions regarding a medical condition.