Urology is the section of healthcare that deals with diseases affecting the urinary tract in both men and women. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, ureter, bladder and urethra. They are also responsible for the men’s reproductive organs; including the penis, testes, scrotum and prostate. As we get older it unfortunately becomes very common to encounter some form of urological problems; so, these are very important doctors and surgeons.

A urologist will be able to see patients if they have problems with their urinary tract, a urologist is then able sub-specialise in a certain area of urology such as infertility or prostate cancer, this gives patients a more specialist approach from a consultant who is actively treating patients with a particular disease.

A urologist will be able to see a patient who has any problems with the below:

Adrenals, the small glands on top of the kidneys that produce hormones such as cortisol and sex hormones. They are first detected at six weeks’ gestation

Bladder, the bladder is a hollow, muscular, balloon-shaped organ that sits in your pelvis. It’s function is to collect and store urine until it can be excreted via urination.

Kidney, the kidneys main and important job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and turn waste into urine. They are shaped like kidney beans and are able to filter 200 litres of fluid combined every 24 hours.

Prostate, the prostate is the size of a walnut and is the gland that produces fluid that mixes with sperm to make seamen.

Testes, are two glands that are oval-shaped, testes make sperm and testosterone.

Scrotum, the scrotum stores and transports sperm, they are two bags of skin that protect the testes.

Ureter, the tube that takes urine from the kidneys to the bladder, they are made of smooth muscle and are usually around 20-30 cm long.

Urethra, is a long thin fibromuscular tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. It also connects to the ductus deferens in males for the ejaculation of sperm.