Cytology is the examination of a single, often found in a fluid specimen ( a urine sample). The body is made up of millions of cells, using a microscope each cell can be individually examined to help determine any abnormalities that may cause health issues.
This diagnostic test is most commonly used to diagnose and screen cancer. As well as this, cytology can also be used to screen for fetal abnormalities, pap smear, diagnosing infectious organisms, and much more.
As mentioned before, the sample is often taken from a urine sample. To get the best and most clear results, urine cytology is advised from the first urine sample of the day, as throughout the day the cytology gets weaker. however, the diagnostic test can be taken using the following methods:
- Scraping or brushing the surface of the tissue, for example, a pap smear test
- Fine needle aspiration – removing cells by drawing them through a fine needle, this can be done at the site of the abnormal cell growth
- Other methods of tissue biopsies
It is important to note cytology is different from histology. Cytology involves looking at a single cell, while histology focuses on the entire block of tissue.
Once you have had the test, the cells will be assessed and the results will be examined by a specialist. Our team will make sure that you are talked through the results and what they mean. If you have any questions, we will be more than happy to answer them.
Depending on the result we may need to talk through a treatment plan. We will make sure that you are supported throughout the whole journey and have a full understanding of what is going on.
If you want to arrange cytology or have recently had one and want to discuss the results, please do not hesitate to contact us.
This article is intended to inform and give insight but not treat, diagnose or replace the advice of a doctor. Always seek medical advice with any questions regarding a medical condition.